Mitchell G. Mann v. Commissioner., United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision, T.C. Memo. 2000-70, Docket No. 17895-97., Filed March 3, 2000
Mitchell G. Mann v. Commissioner.
United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision
T.C. Memo. 2000-70
Docket No. 17895-97.
Filed March 3, 2000.
Mitchell G. Mann, pro se. James J. Posedel, for the respondent.
LARO, Judge: This case is before the Court fully stipulated. See Rule 122, Tax Court Rules of Practice and Procedure. Respondent determined a $9,477 deficiency in petitioner's 1990 Federal income tax, additions thereto of $1,119 and $620 under sections 6651(a)(1) and 6654, respectively, and a $1,895 accuracy-related penalty under section 6662(a). Following respondent's concession that petitioner has no Federal income tax liability for 1990, we must decide whether petitioner may receive a refund for that year. We hold he may not. Unless otherwise indicated, section references are to the applicable versions of the Internal Revenue Code.
Petitioner never filed a 1990 Federal income tax return. Respondent issued to petitioner a notice of deficiency for that year on May 21, 1997, 1 and petitioner, while he resided in San Diego, California, timely petitioned the Court to redetermine respondent's determinations shown therein.
1 The parties stipulated incorrectly that the notice was issued on May 27, 1997.
On or about April 15, 1991, petitioner filed a Form 4868, Extension Of Time to File U.S. Individual Tax Returns, with the Commissioner and enclosed a $5,000 payment. Petitioner later filed with the Commissioner a second request for an extension of time to file his 1990 tax return. The Commissioner granted both requests. On February 6, 1992, petitioner paid another $25 towards his tax liability for 1990.
Petitioner argues that he is entitled to a $5,000 refund for 1990 because he tendered that amount to the Commissioner as a deposit. Respondent argues that petitioner tendered the $5,000 to the Commissioner as a payment of tax for 1990, and, hence, that he may not receive a refund of any of that amount because it was paid more than 2 years before respondent issued the notice of deficiency.
We agree with respondent. Petitioner must demonstrate that his claim for refund is timely. See Flagg v. Commissioner [Dec. 52,056(M)], T.C. Memo. 1997-297. Although section 6512(b)(1) bestows jurisdiction on this Court to determine the existence and amount of any overpayment of tax to be refunded for a year before us, section 6512(b)(3)(B) prohibits us in this case from awarding a refund unless we determine that the refunded amount was paid "within the period which would be applicable under section 6511(b)(2) * * * or (d), if on the date of the mailing of the notice of deficiency a claim had been filed (whether or not filed) stating the grounds upon which the Tax Court finds that there is an overpayment". 2 See also Commissioner v. Lundy [96-1 USTC ╤ 50,035], 516 U.S. 235, 241-242 (1996). The relevant provision of section 6511(b)(2) provides that when a claim for refund is outside the 3-year period of section 6511(a), the amount of the refund may not exceed the amount of tax paid within the 2 years preceding the claim for refund. See sec. 6511(b)(2)(B). Section 6511(a) states that a claim for refund generally must be made within 3 years from the time the return was filed or if no return was filed by the taxpayer, within 2 years from the time the tax was paid.
2 The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105-34, sec. 1282(a), 111 Stat. 788, 1037-1038, amended sec. 6513(b)(3) for years ending after Aug. 5, 1997.
Petitioner tendered the $5,000 to the Commissioner with a Form 4868. The Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, the court to which an appeal in this case lies, has held that a remittance to the Commissioner in such a situation is a payment of estimated tax and not a deposit. See Ott v. United States [98-1 USTC ╤ 50,331], 141 F.3d 1306 (9th Cir. 1998). We hold likewise. See Golsen v. Commissioner [Dec. 30,049], 54 T.C. 742 (1970), affd. [71-2 USTC ╤ 9497] 445 F.2d 985 (10th Cir. 1971); see also Baral v. United States, ___ U.S. ___ (2000) (quarterly estimated tax payment was a payment of tax and not a deposit). Because petitioner's payment of the $5,000 is considered paid on April 15, 1991, see sec. 6513(b)(2), petitioner is not entitled to receive a refund of any of that amount, see Commissioner v. Lundy, supra.
Decision will be entered stating that there is no deficiency, addition to tax, or accuracy-related penalty due from petitioner and there is no overpayment due to petitioner for 1990.