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Судебные дела / Зарубежная практика  / Thomas J. Ginella v. Commissioner., United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision, T.C. Memo. 1991-625, Docket No. 24231-88., Filed December 17, 1991

Thomas J. Ginella v. Commissioner., United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision, T.C. Memo. 1991-625, Docket No. 24231-88., Filed December 17, 1991


Thomas J. Ginella v. Commissioner.

United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision

T.C. Memo. 1991-625

Docket No. 24231-88.

Filed December 17, 1991.

Frank Bacon, for the petitioner. Ann M. Murphy, for the respondent.

Memorandum Opinion

TANNENWALD, Judge: This case is before us on petitioner's motion for summary judgment which rests on the assertion that a binding settlement agreement exists between the parties. For the reasons, hereinafter set forth, we deny the motion.

This case has previously been before us in Ginella v. Commissioner [Dec. 47,052(M)], T.C. Memo. 1990-648, wherein we ruled that we were without jurisdiction to determine whether petitioner's tax obligations were discharged in bankruptcy. Thereafter, petitioner and Mr. Del Johns, an appeals officer of respondent, met and discussed settlement, after which the latter wrote a letter to petitioner dated June 10, 1991, in which he stated:

I would like to make another effort to settle the case. I am willing to consider a lump-sum settlement of the matter. However, the minimum I can accept is a 20 percent sustension [sic] of the proposed tax, and civil fruad [sic] penalty. This would produce a total liability as shown in the attached computation.

The handwritten computation showed the following:


1 All statutory references are to the Internal Revenue Code as amended and in effect for the taxable years in issue.

2 This addition did not take effect until the taxable year 1982 and its inclusion in the offer for 1980 and 1981 is unexplained.



On June 25, 1991, petitioner, wrote Mr. Del Johns stating that he had "decided to accept your offer of June 10, 1991" and enclosing a check for $13,383.20 which he described as "(20% of your $66,916.00 figure on your handwritten worksheet of June 10th) which pays this settlement in full." Mr. Del Johns returned the check to petitioner under cover of a letter dated July 5, 1991, in which he informed petitioner that the settlement figure was $66,916, referred to "some confusion with respect to the terms of the settlement offer contained in my June 10, 1991 letter" and stated "I regret the confusion over my offer."

Petitioner asserts that his interpretation of Mr. Del Johns' offer as being 20 percent of the "Total Liability" was a reasonable one, particularly in view of Mr. Del Johns' reference to the "confusion" in respect of his offer, and that, consequently, there was a meeting of the minds with the result that respondent is bound to accept the tendered check in full settlement. We disagree.

At the outset, we note that the deficiencies determined in the deficiency notices for the taxable years 1980, 1981, 1982, and 1983, not including additions to tax under sections 6653(b), 6654, and 6661, aggregate $84,998.26. The corresponding figure in the schedule attached to Mr. Del Johns' letter dated June 10, 1991, is $16,998, exactly 20 percent of the total of those deficiencies. The heading of the column containing that figure specifically states "20% of Notice of Deficiency Tax." The reference to "confusion" in Mr. Del Johns' second letter does not negate the clear import of the language in the schedule.

Petitioner has not asserted that there are any facts outside of those contained in his motion that bear on the subject matter of his motion. Indeed, any such assertion would be inconsistent with petitioner's position that we should grant his motion for summary judgment. Under the foregoing circumstances, we are unable to accept petitioner's assertion that he reasonably concluded that the 20-percent figure in the appeals officer's letter was meant to reduce his offer to 20 percent of the scheduled 20 percent. The most that can be said is that petitioner misinterpreted the offer. Consequently, there was no meeting of the minds.

Even if we prepared to conclude that petitioner and Mr. Del Johns had reached an agreement, petitioner's motion would fail. The motion contains only the allegation that Mr. Del Johns was the "authorized and empowered agent of Respondent," without any supporting facts. Respondent, in his objection, denies this allegation. Thus, at best, there is a disputed issue of fact as to the extent of Mr. Del Johns' authority which would require us to deny petitioner's motion. Grant Creek Water Works v. Commissioner [Dec. 44,996], 91 T.C. 322, 325 (1988). In this connection, we note that it is highly unlikely that such authority encompassed the power to enter into an agreement which would bind respondent since there is no indication that Mr. Del Johns' offer of settlement had received the necessary approval by higher authority of a reviewing officer. Gardner v. Commissioner [Dec. 37,507], 75 T.C. 475 (1980). See also Estate of Jones v. Commissioner [86-2 USTC ╤ 13,675], 795 F.2d 566, 571-573 (6th Cir. 1986), affg. [Dec. 8387] a Memorandum Opinion of this Court. In a similar vein, any claim by petitioner that Mr. Del Johns had apparent authority to conclude a binding settlement would be without merit. Parmenter v. Federal Deposit Ins. Corp., 925 F.2d 1088, 1094-1095 (8th Cir. 1991).

An appropriate order will be issued.


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