Eugene Jackson v. Commissioner., United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision, T.C. Memo. 1992-245, Docket No. 10961-91., Filed April 27, 1992
Eugene Jackson v. Commissioner.
United States Tax Court - Memorandum Decision
T.C. Memo. 1992-245
Docket No. 10961-91.
Filed April 27, 1992.
Stephen M. Friedberg, for the respondent.
WELLS, Judge: This case is before the Court on respondent's motion to hold petitioner in default and enter a decision against him pursuant to Rule 123(a). All Rule references are to the Tax Court Rules of Practice and Procedure and, unless otherwise indicated, all section references are to the Internal Revenue Code in effect for the taxable years in issue.
Respondent determined deficiencies in and additions to petitioner's Federal income taxes as follows:
1 50 percent of the interest due on $6,285.
When the petition in the instant case was filed, petitioner resided in Petersburg, Virginia. Although respondent's notice of deficiency set forth deficiencies and additions to tax for taxable years 1987, 1988, and 1989, the petition only alleged error in respondent's determinations for taxable years 1987 and 1988. Consequently, the Court lacks jurisdiction over the deficiency and additions to tax determined by respondent for taxable year 1989. Sec. 6213(a); Rules 13(c), 41(a); O'Neil v. Commissioner [Dec. 33,769], 66 T.C. 105, 107-108 (1976).
Respondent timely filed her answer denying petitioner's allegations of error with respect to the deficiencies in and additions to petitioner's Federal income taxes determined by respondent for taxable years 1987 and 1988. The Answer also set forth specific allegations of fraud in support of respondent's determination of the fraud addition for taxable year 1987.
On September 10, 1991, the instant case was placed on the calendar for the Court's February 10, 1992, Trial Session in Richmond, Virginia. At the call of the calendar, petitioner did not appear. Respondent then filed the instant motion for the entry of a default decision against petitioner with respect to the deficiencies and additions to tax for taxable years 1987 and 1988.
With respect to the deficiencies for both taxable years in issue and the additions to tax for substantial understatement for taxable year 1987 and negligence for taxable year 1988, petitioner has the burden of proof. Consequently, respondent must prevail on such deficiencies and additions to tax on the ground that either petitioner has defaulted or he has failed to carry his burden of proof. Smith v. Commissioner [Dec. 45,211], 91 T.C. 1049, 1052 (1988), affd. [91-1 USTC ╤ 50,127] 926 F.2d 1470 (6th Cir. 1991).
With respect to the fraud additions for taxable year 1987, entry of a default decision where a taxpayer has failed to appear and proceed with his case "is appropriate upon a determination in our `sound judicial discretion' that the pleadings set forth sufficient facts" to support a finding that the taxpayer fraudulently underpaid his taxes. Smith v. Commissioner, supra at 1058, 1059. We have reviewed the specific allegations of petitioner's fraudulent underpayment of taxes, pled in detail by respondent in her Answer, and we are convinced that the allegations support such a finding. Consequently, respondent must prevail with respect to the fraud additions. Accordingly, respondent's motion will be granted.
To reflect the foregoing,
An appropriate order will be issued and decision will be entered for respondent.