Hugh S. HUNT, v. UNITED STATES of America., United States District Court, D. Maryland., 178 F.Supp.2d 537, No. JFM-94-3553., January 7, 2002
Hugh S. HUNT, v. UNITED STATES of America.
United States District Court, D. Maryland.
178 F.Supp.2d 537
January 7, 2002.
Paula Fitzgerald Wolff, Law Office, Po╜tomac, MD, for Hugh S. Hunt.
Hugh S. Hunt, Potomac, MD, pro se.
Charles Hayden Keen, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, Lynne A. Bat╜taglia, U.S. Attorneys Office, Baltimore, MD, for U.S.
MOTZ, District Judge.
Plaintiffs remaining claims in this action are ones for knowing or negligent failure to release an improper lien under ╖ 7432 of the Internal Revenue Code and for wrongful collection activities under ╖ 7433 of the Code. The United States has moved for summary judgment. Plaintiff has re╜sponded to the motion. The motion will be granted.
Plaintiff alleges that the improper liens were placed on his property in March 1989 and August 1989. He alleges that most of the wrongful collection actions took place between April 15, 1983 and March 8, 1990, and that another wrongful collection took place on March 28, 1994 when the Internal Revenue Service did not pay interest on a refund made to him.
This action was filed on December 21, 1994. Therefore, with the exception of the alleged wrongful collection that oc╜curred on March 28, 1994, all of the al╜leged wrongful acts occurred well before the two year limitations period applicable to actions brought under ╖╖ 7432 and Sec╜tion 7433. See 26 U.S.C. ╖ 7432(d)(3) and 7433(b). Plaintiff contends that he did not know or have a reasonable opportunity to discover that the alleged wrongful acts had occurred until certain issues presented by a Tax Court action he filed were resolved in his favor by virtue of a decision rendered by the Tax Court in connection with a settlement reached in December 1993. According to plaintiff, only then could he determine that the acts of which he com╜plains were wrongful. However, plaintiff obviously had contested the decisions made by the Internal Revenue Service pri╜or to December 1993, and he has cited no authority to support the proposition that liens and collection activities taken pursu╜ant to assessments that were in place be╜came wrongful retroactively upon the ren╜dering of the Tar Court decision.
Moreover, although plaintiff had voluminous correspondence with the Inter╜nal Revenue Service, he did not provide the Internal Revenue Service with any documents showing the amount of damages he allegedly suffered prior to institut╜ing this action. Plaintiff excuses this default on the ground that since "[t]he IRS denied any liability . .. [,] any discussion about amount of damages would be futile." Opposition memorandum at 4. That expla╜nation, however, is insufficient since asser╜tion of the amount of alleged damage is an essential part of the administrative remedy process; a claimant cannot recover an amount in excess of the dollar amount sought in the administrative claim. 26 C.F.R. ╖╖ 301.7432-1(h) and 301.7433-1(f). Therefore, all of plaintiffs remaining claims, including his claim for the alleged wrongful collection occurring on March 28, 1994, fail because plaintiff did not ade╜quately exhaust his administrative reme╜dies. See ╖╖ 7432(d)(1) and 7433(d)(1). 1
1. Because I find that plaintiff did not exhaust his administrative remedies as to the March 28, 1994 claim, I need not decide whether or not the IRS's failure to pay a refund on that date constituted a "collection" within the meaning of ╖ 7433. ════ ═════
A separate order granting the United States' motion for summary judgment as to plaintiff's claims under ╖╖ 7432 and 7 433 is being entered herewith. That or╜der also incorporates all of the prior rul╜ings I have made in this case and grants judgment in favor of plaintiff against the United States in the amount of $41,981.10, in accordance with the order I entered on
For the reasons stated in the accompa╜nying memorandum and in the previous memoranda I have issued, it is, this 7th day of January 2002
1. The United States' motion for sum╜mary judgment as to claims under ╖╖ 7432 and 7433 of the Internal Revenue Code is granted;
2. All of the prior rulings I have made in this case are incorporated by reference; and
3. In accordance with the order I en╜tered on August 4, 2000, judgment is en╜tered in favor of plaintiff against the Unit╜ed States in the amount of $41,981.10.