J. MCLEAN AND JUDY A. DURFEY, Petitioners v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent, UNITED STATES TAX COURT - SUMMARY OPINION, T.C. Summary Opinion 2006-151, Docket No. 22715-04S., Filed September 14, 2006
J. MCLEAN AND JUDY A. DURFEY, Petitioners v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent
UNITED STATES TAX COURT - SUMMARY OPINION
T.C. Summary Opinion 2006-151
Docket No. 22715-04S.
Filed September 14, 2006.
PURSUANT TO INTERNAL REVENUE CODE SECTION 7463(b), THIS OPINION MAY NOT BE TREATED AS PRECEDENT FOR ANY OTHER CASE.
J. McLean and Judy A. Durfey, pro sese.
R. Craig Schneider , for respondent.
DAWSON, Judge : This case was heard pursuant to the provisions of section 7463 of the Internal Revenue Code in effect when the petition was filed. The decision to be entered is not reviewable by any other court, and this opinion should not be cited as authority. Unless otherwise indicated, subsequent section references are to the Internal Revenue Code in effect for the year in issue, and all Rule references are to the Tax Court Rules of Practice and Procedure.
Respondent determined a deficiency of $3,643 in petitioners' Federal income tax for 2002. The issue for decision is whether J. McLean Durfey (petitioner) received unreported income in the year 2002 from wages, interest, a State income tax refund, the taxable amount of a pension, and the taxable amount of Social Security benefits. 1
1 ═ The adjustment of $1,495 for medical deductions claimed on Schedule A, Itemized Deductions, made by respondent in the notice of deficiency is computational based upon an increase in petitioners' adjusted gross income. Likewise, the adjustment of $296 to Schedule A miscellaneous deductions is computational based upon petitioners' adjusted gross income.
Some of the facts have been stipulated and are so found. Petitioners resided in American Fork, Utah, when they filed their petition.
Petitioner is an educator. He and his wife filed a timely joint Federal income tax return for 2002 in which they reported wages of $52,399, a farming loss of $11,028, and adjusted gross income of $41,371. Third parties reported to petitioner and respondent the following income paid to petitioner in 2002 that was not reported on petitioners' Federal income tax return for that year:
In the notice of deficiency, respondent determined that petitioner received unreported gross income of $19,929 in 2002, consisting of the following:
Respondent also decreased petitioners' Schedule A deductions by $1,791, resulting in a total increase of $21,720 in their taxable income.
In general, the Commissioner's determinations set forth in a notice of deficiency are presumed correct, and the taxpayer bears the burden of showing that such determinations are in error. Rule 142(a); Welch v. Helvering , 290 U.S. 111, 115 (1933). Section 7491(a)(1) provides that the burden of proof as to factual matters shifts to the Commissioner under certain limited circumstances. Petitioners do not fall within these limited circumstances, and therefore the burden of proof remains with them. 2
2 ═ Because the deficiency determined by respondent is predicated on income reported on information returns by third parties, we note that sec. 6201(d) is not applicable because petitioner does not dispute the items of income.
Section 61(a) provides that, except as otherwise provided in subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code, gross income means "all income from whatever source derived". Petitioner received and failed to report on his joint income tax return for 2002 the amounts of additional gross income respondent determined in the notice of deficiency.
Petitioner's contention is that he should not be held liable for tax on the additional income he received in 2002 because respondent failed to meet certain deadlines he set for answering his correspondence during the time his tax return was being audited but before the notice of deficiency was issued. At the trial he testified that "the reason that I gave for filing the petition was that they were missing deadlines". He asserted that "if I'm going to be held accountable for meeting deadlines, then the IRS ought to also".
Whether respondent met petitioner's deadlines is irrelevant. In these circumstances we do not look behind the notice of deficiency in examining respondent's actions. Greenberg's Express, Inc. v. Commissioner , 62 T.C. 324, 327-328 (1974).
It is clear that petitioner, an intelligent person, knew he had omitted income when he filed his Federal income tax return for 2002. When asked by the Court if he had received the additional income respondent determined in the notice of deficiency, petitioner answered: "Yes, I did. I received all that".
Accordingly, on the basis of the record in this case, we sustain respondent's determinations in all respects. We hold that petitioners are liable for the entire amount of the Federal income tax deficiency for 2002.
Decision will be entered for respondent.